At the beginning of last year, there were a total of 143 operable refineries in the U.S., with the “newest” one located in Douglas, Wyoming, constructed in 2007. However, the newest refinery with atmospheric distillation capacity greater than 100,000 barrels per day began operating in Garyville, Louisiana in 1977. That was 37 years ago.
Today’s oil and gas production boom is now changing that equation. In 2012, Motiva upgraded its refinery in Port Arthur, Texas, making it the largest refinery in the U.S. with a capacity of 600,250 barrels per calendar day. And America’s newest refinery is now under construction in Stark County, North Dakota. Due for completion in late 2014, the $300 million Dakota Prairie Refinery will process 20,000 barrels of Bakken crude oil per day.